An exhibition at the Jewish Museum in Berlin explores Israel and the West Bank as viewed by a bevy of photographers, including Josef Koudelka, Jeff Wall, and Stephen Shore… It takes us into the heart of a territory shaped by the conflict with Palestine.


Frédéric Brenner, The Aslan Levi Family, 2010 © Frédéric Brenner, Courtesy Howard Greenberg Gallery

Stern faces staring at you implacably, as if you were right in front of them, are enough to convey the complexity of the place, its history, and the idea of the soil…. These are Frédéric Brenner’s portraits which open the exhibition: a family on a beach; another seated round a large table in a traditionally furnished dining room. There follows an unforgettable face: a mutilated man with gouged eyes, whose arms have been replaced by prosthetics. What happened to him? Did he pick up a grenade? Did he find himself near an exploding bomb? We will never know. But his presence makes it clear we are dealing with a divided people, with a conflict—the Israeli-Palestinian conflict—which molds those who live there and produces a population of wounded and traumatized.


Frédéric Brenner, The Weinfeld Family, 2009 © Frédéric Brenner, Courtesy Howard Greenberg Gallery

Water

The Korean photographer Junjin Lee has captured the minutiae of this interminable, undeclared war. In a dark, black-and-white tableau, she shows the traces of bullets in a wall. Elsewhere, she lingers over the beauty of the landscape, where a tree may symbolize a few precious moments of peace. These landscapes also caught Stephen Shore’s eye. The photographer crisscrossed wide-open desert spaces where there’s nothing but rocks and sand as far as the eye can see. He created intense panoramas which give us an idea of how beautiful, but also how inhospitable, this land is, where especially water is scarce. In another room, the artist Martin Kollar exhibits empty containers customized by the Palestinians, such as the body of an old racecar, reminding us how crucial and life-saving water-filled barrels are to the inhabitants of these territories.


​​​​Martin Kollar, no title © Martin Kollar

Prison

To get a feel for the country, one need only look at Gilles Peress’s images. Based in Jerusalem, he captured the hustle and bustle of the Holy City: here, people praying by the Wailing Wall; there, a Bedouin dozing under an olive tree. In this vein, a magnificent photo by Jeff Wall breaks up the exhibition. The Canadian artist recreated a striking scene he had spotted on his journey through the West Bank: a group of nomads sleeping on bare ground with a vast prison looming in the background. Wall decided to take this eloquently paradoxical scene as the subject of one of his meticulously staged tableaus. The nomads, wrapped in colorful cloaks, rest in the arms of Morpheus at the edge of an olive grove dwarfed by a sprawling prison complex.


Jeff Wall, Daybreak, 2011 © Jeff Wall

The wall

The photographers featured in this exhibition all created their images between 2009 and 2012 during a stay in the region. The ambition of the project was to measure up to such photographic commissions as the one launched by the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s, aimed at documenting rural poverty in the United States, or the DATAR, which immortalized the French countryside in the 1980s. Unlike its predecessors, This Place received no government funding, and all participating photographers hail from countries other than Israel or the West Bank. They include one whose work, perhaps more than the others, stands out by its significance and its subject-matter: namely, Josef Koudelka. In an extremely sensitive way, he documented the wall which now separates Israel and Palestine. He depicts all aspects of this dividing structure, underscoring its terrifying absurdity as well as its bewildering imperiousness. Koudelka’s photographs find special resonance in Berlin which will soon be celebrating the thirtieth anniversary of the fall of the Wall that had once divided the German capital.


Josef Koudelka, Route 60, Beit Jala, Bethlehem area. Specially designed concrete slabs were incorporated into the Wall along major transport routes such as Road 60 to prevent potential attacks. (Route 60-see Lexicon) © Josef Koudelka / Magnum Photos

 


Stephen Shore, St. Sabas Monastery, Judean Desert, 2009 © Stephen Shore

 


Wendy Ewald, At Home (photograph by Amal), 2013 © Wendy Ewald

 


Jungjin Lee, Unnamed Road 045, 2011 © Jungjin Lee

 


Gilles Peress, Contact Sheet, Palestinian Jerusalem, 2013, Installation view detail © Gilles Peress

By Jean-Baptiste Gauvin

This Place 

June 7, 2019 to January 5, 2020,

Jewish Museum Berlin, Lindesnstraße 9–14, 10969 Berlin, Germany  

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