Bring the right equipment
In the mountains, it is important to be well equipped. So if you plan on going hiking for a fair amount of time, make sure you have the right equipment. First, we recommend bringing an extra battery or two. Batteries run out faster in the cold. Second, make sure your gear is as light as possible. The tripod is not essential during the day, since you can easily get by with natural light. In the winter, make sure to also pay attention to the condensation generated by the temperature difference and avoid putting your camera in a place that is too hot after taking your pictures.
Use a wide-angle lens for mountain landscape photography
In order to fully capture the grandeur of these mountains, a wide-angle lens is best, even though, as we will see below, it’s not the only option.
Therefore, for mountain landscape photography, favor focal lengths such as 24 mm, 20 mm, or even 14 mm or less, if you have access to ultra-wide-angle lenses, or even a rectilinear fisheye (which is to say that covers the entire surface of the sensor) and which does not give the circular fish eye effect). This will enable you to capture more subject matter, especially length-wise, so as to better capture the often gigantic extent of the mountains.
You can also do a panoramic shot if your camera is equipped with that function. In most cases of mountain photography, however, you will need to assemble the images yourself during editing.
Use different approaches
While the wide-angle lens is often preferred for photographing mountains, the longer focal lengths of telephoto lenses, such as 70, 100, 200, 300mm, etc. may also be suitable for taking tighter photographs of mountains by focusing on a particular element, like the summit, a path, a physical feature of the mountain or a subject, for example.
If you have a relatively versatile zoom, then you can use varying focal lengths and try other shots. And if you only have a telephoto lens, no need to turn around and head back home. You will quickly realize that you can also take very beautiful, often more detailed photography of mountains, and photograph things that others won’t notice, such as animals, for example.
Also on the technical side, we strongly recommend the use of gradation filters or at least a UV filter to protect your lens, and a polarizing filter that will allow you to vary the light and its orientation thanks to its rotating circular shape.
The polarizing filter is very useful in mountain landscape photography in situations where natural light is very strong – which is usually the case in the mountains, especially in winter, with the arrival of white snow, which reflects the light. It will reduce glare, brighten up the colors and thus bring more contrast to the image.
Gradation filters will allow you to compensate for the difference in light between the sky and the mountains, which often requires you to set your exposure based on one or the other, generating non-homogeneous images. Gradation filters thus help balance exposure and obtain a smoother image directly when shooting.
These are really great accessories if you are serious about landscape photography, including mountain photography.
Use leading lines and vanishing points
In terms of framing, the mountains naturally offer beautiful leading lines and vanishing points, which are inherent to the rule of thirds and which you can use to give energy to your photos of mountain landscapes.
You need to be observant in order to find them and to correctly photograph the nature around you. To learn more about the rule of thirds and for other composition tips such as scale, vertical framing, etc., you can check out our previous article on landscape photography here.
Mountain photography: Get up early
Most mountain photographers will tell you that to enjoy the most beautiful light, you have to get up early and go to bed late. In fact, in the middle of the day, the light in the mountains is often very intense, if not too intense, and this intensity is further accentuated with the altitude and with the snow in winter.
This is why cloudy weather, morning and evening hours are the best times to shoot mountain landscapes. They make shooting easier and offer incredible natural colors and contrasts.
Mountain photography requires a little preparation if you plan on spending long hours out there, and is best suited for early risers who will be able to enjoy the beautiful morning light. For mountain landscape photography, gear up as lightly as possible, but don’t forget to bring a backup battery, which can come in handy if the cold affects your equipment.
Whether you have a wide-angle lens or a telephoto lens, they provide a good playing field for all types of shots. To take the photographic experience a step further, you can use filters and abide by the basic rules of composition. Lastly, don’t forget to take the time to observe before you snap the shot.
By Céline Nebor